table set for champagne

Sparkle on a Tour in Champagne

Dom Perignon

If ever there is a name that comes to mind when talking about Champagne it’s Dom Pérignon.

This is the beautiful French sparkling wine that is synonymous with luxury, special occasions and fine dining. Interestingly, the man responsible for making the wine sparkling was not at all about luxury or indulgence, he was a Monk.

Dom Pierre Pérignon was a French Benedictine monk. Born in 1638, Pérignon came from a family of eight children in the Champagne region of France, where his family owned a few vineyards. He studied in an abbey, then at a Jesuit college, and later ended up leading a monastery. After being transferred to a new abbey, he worked in the wine cellar. Thanks to his hard work, the abbey doubled its vineyard size.

Methode Champenoise

This remarkable monk is also credited with making essential improvements to the méthode champenoise wine production style. This style of making wine came about when winemakers realised that it was possible to create bubbles through a secondary fermentation in the bottle, and that contrary to common belief, this was actually desirable. At the time, refermentation in bottle (how Champagne gets its sparkle) was seen as a huge problem among winemakers of the region. When spring temperatures would arrive, yeasts would come back to life and create abundant CO2 in the bottles, causing the bottle and various bottles around them to burst. Pérignon sought to avoid these explosions, studying how to ward off unwanted refermentation. He advocated for small crops, harvests in cool conditions, disposal of rotten grapes, and blending grapes before going to the press. He also pushed for practicing winemaking methods using naturally occurring processes.

Champagne production in graphics

While Pérignon was certainly not the first to make sparkling wine, his work was crucial to the perfection of the méthode champenoise process. Today, his namesake bottle is the “prestige cuvée” of Moet & Chandon. The winery where it’s made is the former monastery where he spent most of his life researching and cellaring.

See how this historical process is completed with this infographic (courtesy of Jellederoeck.tumbler)

diagram of methode traditionelle


Experience the true essence of Champagne with a Tour in Champagne


Credit: Vicki Denig of Vine Pair

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